Governments and high-level executives have transitioned from seeing both policy and technical cyber threats as solely technical issues to core issues of national security, economic policy, human rights and, ultimately, foreign policy. Drawing on experience at the U.S. Department of Justice, at the White House, and finally at the U.S. State Department, I will detail the evolving cyber landscape and growing efforts to counter cyber threats internationally. I will focus on the emerging field of international “cyber diplomacy” and reveal how these tools have been used in particular cases as well as to counter larger policy threats posed by repressive regimes. I’ll also outline efforts to promote norms (rules of the road) in cyberspace and the role of attribution and deterrence. Finally, I will examine challenges that lie ahead and the need for the policy and technical communities to work together globally to meet those challenges.